Here’s my go-to checklist of items commonly recommended by financial planners.
If you haven’t created a budget before, don’t worry — it doesn’t have to be complicated. In its most basic form, a budget is simply a written list of your monthly income and expenses.
Using itemized debit or credit card statements as your reference, expenses should be categorized either as things you need to pay — housing, transportation and groceries — or as discretionary, non-essential spending, like entertainment or meals at restaurants.
Ideally, your monthly income will exceed your monthly expenses, with room left over for savings or investments (many people use the 50/30/20 budget, which ensures that 20% of your money is set aside for your financial goals). If not, you might want to cut back on your discretionary expenses until your budget is balanced.
I always seem to have underused or even forgotten subscriptions for apps and streaming services that pile up by the end of the year. In that case, I cancel those services and use the money elsewhere in my budget.
Doing this last year, I saved just over $200 per month on canceled subscriptions alone.
To see if your retirement contributions are on track, start by tallying the balances for all of your existing savings and investment accounts. Next, input those numbers into this CNBC Make It retirement calculator, which tells you how much money you’ll need to save each month to meet your retirement goals.
If you’re behind on your goals, you might need to increase your contributions or hold off on retirement until a later age.
And if you’re behind on retirement savings and don’t have much extra cash, you can still increase your contributions later to make up some of the difference. This is especially true for younger earners as they tend to make less money earlier in their careers.
However, the sooner you put money into an investment account like a 401(k) or index fund, the better — even if it’s just $50 each month. That’s because these investments will grow with compound interest over time.
By making contributions early, your money will have more time to grow.
To cover unexpected costs, financial planners commonly recommend an emergency fund worth three to six months worth of your expenses, although setting aside $1,000 is also a worthy goal. To ensure you’re prepared for the unexpected in 2024, start making monthly contributions to build up your emergency fund, especially if you don’t have one already.
The purpose of an emergency fund is to avoid using your credit card for unexpected expenses, since they come with high interest rates that currently average 20.74%, according to Bankrate.
If you already have more credit card debt than emergency savings, many financial planners recommend paying down the debt first.
Consider stashing your emergency funds in a high-interest savings account. That way, the balance will grow with interest and you’ll be able to make swift withdrawals when necessary.
By having a topped-up emergency fund in place, you should be able to cover unexpected costs in 2024, whether that’s vehicle repairs or medical debt.
It’s important to look at your credit reports at least once a year, as the data in these reports influence your credit score. Your credit score determines how much money you’ll spend on interest for loans, credit cards and auto financing: The higher the score, the less you pay on interest.
There are many types of credit scores but those most commonly used are derived from credit reports from one of the three major credit bureaus: Equifax, TransUnion and Experian. Credit reports include detailed information like your loan payment history, credit inquiries and whether you have debt that’s been sent to a collection agency.
Unfortunately, credit reports often contain errors that can reduce your credit score, whether that be duplicate loan account entries or on-time payments that have been mislabeled as late. Another problem is that identity theft is common, as scammers often use stolen personal information to make fraudulent loans.
For that reason, you’ll want to check your credit history report for each credit bureau at least once a year. To do so, go to AnnualCreditReport.com and select “request your free credit reports.” You can choose to download the reports or have them mailed to you.
Each report has more information on how to dispute an error.
Some cybersecurity experts recommend changing your password every few months, while others say a strong password doesn’t need to be changed that often. Using an encrypted password manager is more commonly recommended.
I just make sure that I change my passwords for my financial accounts at least once a year. I also periodically use the “Password Checkup” function in Google Password Manager to identify any compromised passwords and then change them as necessary.
DON’T MISS: Want to be smarter and more successful with your money, work & life? Sign up for our new newsletter!
Get CNBC’s free Warren Buffett Guide to Investing, which distills the billionaire’s No. 1 best piece of advice for regular investors, do’s and don’ts, and three key investing principles into a clear and simple guidebook.